The Jerusalem Council

A Global Association of Orthodox Jewish Believers in Messiah Yeshua

Gentiles

The Torah before Noah – A Refutation of Noachide Theology

A series of questions that appear to refute the claim that the Noachide laws were the only Torah given to mankind before Mt. Sinai by listing the scriptural and Jewish references to the Torah as existing before the Flood, let alone Mt. Sinai.

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Posted in Apologetics | 20 Comments »

Jewish Conversion: From Abram to Abraham

Where is Jewish Conversion found? In how Abram became Abraham. We learn from Torah that conversion to Judaism is a confirmation of an already existing reality: that one is already Jewish before they come to convert.

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Posted in Giyur | 10 Comments »

Orthodox Jewish Conversion: Esther 8:17 and 9:27

What the LXX translators understood happened in Esther 8:17, was the very same concept Paul was warning his Galatian disciples against in Galatians 2. If one believes Paul was warning his Galatian disciples against Jewish conversion, then one must also believe the LXX translators were describing that Jewish conversion was happening in Esther 8:17. If one calls it Jewish conversion in Galatians 2, then one must agree that the LXX translators would have called it conversion in Esther 8:17.

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Posted in Giyur | 1 Comment »

Orthodox Conversion: A Biblical Perspective

There are several Rabbis in the Messianic movement who have high levels of smichah, but they are scattered and isolated. I believe that we need to be uniting these leaders so that they can form a Beit Din to oversee the conversion process within a believing community, so that those who are seeking conversion out of proper motives can do it without denying their faith.

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Posted in Giyur | 4 Comments »

Is the Torah for Gentiles?

The Torah is a beautiful gift, like a bride for her groom (as Shir HaShirim puts it), and though is meant to be shared with the nations, it requires one to make the covenant commitment to be intimate with her and thus receive all that she offers. We believe that this commitment (conversion out of love for HaShem and his Living Torah, the Mashiach) is one that one must make in order to be intimate with Torah, and is just another step of obedience in one’s walk of discipleship to the Master – the Master himself who models that intimacy with Torah for us, and who desires to live Torah through us every step of The Way.

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Posted in FAQs | 5 Comments »

Understanding Acts 10:9-19 (Peter’s Vision of the Unclean and Clean Animals; and Parasha Tazria)

A Jewish understanding of Peter’s vision of the sheet with both clean and unclean animals, where he is told to “rise, kill, and eat,” with an explanation derived from an understanding of parasha Tazria. The key to understanding the vision is knowing the difference between tamai and tahor, and akathartos and koinos. The vision is not about making unclean animals, like a pig, clean. On the contrary, it’s about making clean animals (gentiles) that became defiled with contact with unclean animals (idolatry), clean again (by faith in Messiah Yeshua).

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Posted in Commentaries | 3 Comments »

Messianic Targum Galatians

A complete Messianic commentary on Paul’s letter to the Galatians in a Targum format where insertions are added which clarify known contexts.

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Do I need to be circumcised?

Yes, it is a sign of the Covenant, in that it is a sign as to Who the Messiah is, in that he does not come by human effort, and that He is the “seed of the woman” prophesied in Genesis 3:15.

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Posted in FAQs | 14 Comments »

Two House Theology is a Distraction

This is a comment on Two House theology, otherwise known as the Ephraimite movement. Being a comment, it’s not going to address the totality of Two House theology, but it will address its most serious consequence in its thinking. I will address what I see is its most important flaw, and that is: its belief […]

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Posted in Apologetics | 11 Comments »

Understanding Acts 15:23-29 (The Four Prohibitions)

Much of Acts 15, like much of the Acronim Ketuvim, is best understood in context. It is not a maximum list of prohibitions for believers from the nations, but rather is a minimum list with which converts to Judaism need to start with in order to participate in any Jewish community.

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