The Jerusalem Council

A Global Association of Orthodox Jewish Believers in Messiah Yeshua

Pesach 2010 – 5770

A timeline of preparations for Pesach 2010 – 5770. All times on this page are for Evergreen, Colorado. Meal notes are for the congregation. Please consult your local times for sunset and adjust accordingly.

February 1st or there about, begin to adjust your consumption and purchasing of processed foods. This will minimize the amount of products containing or potentially containing chametz that will need to be consumed or disposed of by Pesach. If you have any questions or concerns about what products to look out for, a brief survey and set of definitions are provided at the end of this document.

March 1st or there about, begin to clean your home (bedrooms and remote areas away from your kitchen), work spaces, cars, brief cases, purses, etc. removing all chametz. (Chametz is any product that contains or may contain wheat, barley, oats, spelt, or rye that has or may have fermented. The only way to know is for packaged and processed foods to see that it is certified kosher for Pesach.) As it may not be in our possession according to scripture, we will need to remove all food crumbs, beverages etc. that may be in the furniture, under the furniture, etc. Make sure food does not re-enter those rooms by keeping a strict “eat in the kitchen only” policy and keeping a checklist of rooms “cleaned” so you don’t have to re-clean them. This will also require making sure crumbs do not leave the kitchen in clothes, beards, on hands, etc.

March 25th – 28th kosher the kitchen for Pesach. Prepare to change out your dishes, silverware, pots, pans, etc or kasher the ones you have (note glass, glazed, ceramic, china, dishware, cookware, and utensils cannot be kashered for Pesach). Paper plates, plastic utensils, and disposable aluminum cookware are often used if you do not have Pesach dish and cookware. Don’t forget about kashering the sink, stove, counter tops, microwave, and oven for Pesach. Dishwashers cannot generally be kashered for Pesach. Toasters, toaster ovens cannot be koshered for Pesach. For other appliances consult your local orthodox rabbi.

Be sure to have dishtowels, pot holders, oven mitts, a 48+ hour candle, matzah (kosher for Pesach matzah), dishwashing sponges or wipes, etc. set aside for Pesach only use.

March 28th – Sunday

Sunday evening, about 7:53 pm, do your final search (ritual search) for chametz, do the blessing but do not do nullification of chametz at this time.

March 29th – Monday

If you are a first born son or the father of a first born son younger than bar Mitzvah you must do the fast of the first born. That is done on this day. It is a short fast, from sunrise to sunset. Fast begins at 5:29am and ends at 7:55pm

March 29th – Monday (While this is not a Shabbat, it is customary to take most if not all of this day off for preparation for the seder.)

The final time for eating chametz is 11:00am.

Sell or burn all remaining chametz. This should be completed by 12:03pm. At that time recite the passage declaring all chametz in our possession to be null and void.

Earliest Minchah 1:37pm Note the order of the Pesach offering will be recited after Minchah but before sunset. Also include Eruv Tavshilin so that food for the festival Shabbats (and weekly Shabbat [if it occurs immediately following the 2 days of festival Shabbats]) may be prepared on the festival Shabbat.

Latest Minchah 4:45pm

Light the 48 hour candle just before candle lighting, so that the 2nd Pesach night candles may be lit from it.

Begin 1st day Festival Sabbath (If possible take both days (Tues and Wed) off from work, but if you are not given a choice, then take the 1st festival Sabbath day off (Tues).)

Candle lighting is at 7:04pm

BA-RUCH A-TAH ADO-NAI E-LO-HE-NU ME-LECH HA-OLAM ASHER KID-E-SHA-NU BE-MITZ-VO-TAV VETZI-VA-NU LE-HAD-LIK NER SHEL YOM TOV.

Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the Yom Tov light.

BA-RUCH A-TAH ADO-NAI E-LO-HE-NU ME-LECH HA-OLAM SHE-HECHE-YA-NU VE-KI-YE-MA-NU VE-HIGI-A-NU LIZ-MAN HA-ZEH.

Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion

Ma’ariv with Full Hallel.

The Seder of the First night follows right after Ma’ariv and must be completed by midnight.

We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/meat. (NO Dairy) This will be eaten during the seder.

March 30th – Tuesday 1st day Festival Sabbath

Pesach

Shacharit service 8:00am

Do Full Hallel, Torah readings, Haftarah readings.

Mussaf Service (right after Shacharit)

Amidah prayer changes from “wind” and “rain” to “dew.”

Priestly Blessing

Festival Lunch. We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/dairy

Minchah Service in the Afternoon after 1:36pm (latest Minchah is 4:45pm)

Tuesday evening Conclude 1st day Festival Sabbath and Begin 2nd day Festival Sabbath – Pesach

(This is because we are in the Diaspora)

Tuesday evening (after 3 stars are visible (should be at or after 7:56pm)

Ma’ariv with Hallel, counting of the Omer (day 1)

The Pesach candles are lit (from your 48+ hour candle you may transfer a flame).

Then the Seder of the Second night follows immediately after Ma’ariv. There is no time limit on completion.

We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/meat. (NO Dairy) This will be eaten during the seder.

March 31st – Wednesday 2nd day Festival Shabbat

Shacharit service 8:00am

Do Full Hallel, Torah readings, Haftarah readings

Mussaf Service (right after Shacharit)

Priestly Blessing

Festival Lunch. We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/dairy

Minchah Service in the Afternoon after 1:37pm (latest Minchah 4:46pm)

Havdalah 8:06pm

Maariv with Hallel, counting of the Omer (day 2)

April 1st – Thursday – April 4th -Sunday

Do not lay Tefillin.

Limit work on intermediate days. (Obviously no work is permitted on the weekly Shabbat.)

Eat Matzah each day and drink a glass of wine or grape juice in celebration of our deliverance, our redemption.

Count the Omer each day after sunset each day

April 4th Sunday night, erev 7th day of Matzah – a Festival Sabbath – Erev Shevi’i Shel Pesach. (If possible take both days (Mon and Tues) off from work, but if you are not given a choice, then take the 1st festival Sabbath day off (Mon).)

6:00pm Dinner (We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/dairy.)

Light 48+ hour candle

Candle lighting at 7:10pm

BA-RUCH A-TAH ADO-NAI E-LO-HE-NU ME-LECH HA-OLAM ASHER KID-E-SHA-NU BE-MITZ-VO-TAV VETZI-VA-NU LE-HAD-LIK NER SHEL YOM TOV.

Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the Yom Tov light.

Ma’ariv after candle lighting

After Amidah, counting of the Omer (day 6)

It is customary to stay awake all night studying Torah. This is because on this day HaShem split the Sea of Reeds and Yeshua met with His disciples in the upper room. This day is a reminder that our time here on earth is short and we need to be prepared to stand before HaShem and enter into His Promised Land.

April 5th Monday, 1st Festival Shabbat for 7th day of Matzah

Shacharit 8:30am

Partial Hallel, Torah Reading, Haftarah Reading

Mussaf (right after Shacharit)

Priestly blessing

Festival Lunch. We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/dairy

Minchah Service in the Afternoon after 1:36pm (latest Minchah 4:48pm)

Monday Evening, close of 1st day of Festival Sabbath for the 7th Day of Matzah. Begin 2nd day of Festival Sabbath for the 7th Day of Matzah (final day of Pesach).

Monday evening (after 3 stars are visible – should be at or after 8:11pm)

Light candles for second Sabbath Day of Pesach (8th day of Pesach in Diaspora). Must be lit from a 48+ hour candle.

Ma’ariv after candle lighting

After Amidah count the Omer (day 7)

Festival Dinner. We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/dairy.

April 6th Tuesday, 2nd Festival Shabbat

Shacharit 8:30am

Partial Hallel, Torah reading, Haftarah reading, Yizkor memorial service (For family members who have passed away).

Mussaf (right after Shacharit)

Priestly blessing

Festival Lunch. We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/dairy.

Minchah Service in the Afternoon after 1:35pm (latest Minchah 4:48pm)

Festival closing feast – Moshiach’s Feast

This feast begins before sunset and concludes after nightfall. We will have a kosher for Pesach pot luck, vegan/meat.

Close of Pesach for 5770

Tuesday evening (after 3 stars are visible – should be at or after 8:12pm)

Ma’ariv

After the Amidah, count the Omer (8th day)

Havdalah (omit spices and candle).

Put away all Pesach dishes, utensils, towels, etc for next year. Best to put them in a sealed container to avoid contamination from chametz or pests which can make them un-kosher for Pesach.

Chametz may be purchased, made, and consumed after all Pesach dish and cookware have been put away.

5 Responses to “Pesach 2010 – 5770”

  • DanHenrik says:

    Todah, very helpful.

  • There is a time difference between Israel and Toronto, Canada. I want to go by Israel’s time for the beginning of Passover and not by the Canadian time zone. Thus, am I correct to assume that you are starting, on schedule, after sundown March 30, 2010 Israel time?

    • Your observance of Pesach is biblically dependent upon your own location on the earth, and not “Jerusalem time.” If one is in the exile, outside the Land, one should follow the exile calendar and times for the local candle lighting times. Chabad.org provides local candle lighting times.

  • Eliyahu G says:

    Hi, I been trying to find in the Torah/Bible where the commandment to light the sabbath candles or the Yom Tov candles is at? Can you help me?

  • The command is found here:

    Exodus 35:2-3
    For six days, work is to be done, but the seventh day shall be your holy day, a Sabbath of rest to the LORD. Whoever does any work on it must be put to death. Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day.

    This command is given in context to the construction of the Mishkan (Tabernacle). This juxtaposition of the warning prohibting work (malacha, which is certain types of work) on Shababt on pain of death, with the verses that follow concerning the painstakingly and specifically listed types of work that went into the building of the Tabernacle, teaches us what types of work (malacha) we are not to do on Shabbat.

    Within this prepatory warning, we see the explicit command “for six days, work is to be done.” What work is “to be done”? This is the question, and the answer is the entire list of the types of work that follow, begining with “light a fire” and going all the way through the entire painstaking list of the types of work that went into the building of the Tabernacle.

    However it is important to note that “light a fire” is a specific type of work that is singled out from the list that eventually follows. Why? It is to teach us something about that specific type of work that is not so about the other types of work. What does it teach? It teaches us according to the rule of juxtaposition, that “light a fire” is what is “to be done” in order for “the seventh day” to “be” your “holy” day. In other words, lighting a fire is required to holy, or sanctify, or literally separate the six working days and thus set-apart (literally “holy”) the Shabbat. But least we think it means someone else lights a fire, it says “your” holy day – meaning the individual that is of age (and not married) is required to light this fire.

    Lest we think that perhaps we are being commanded to light this fire on Shabbat in order to holy Shabbat, we are explicity told “do not light a fire”…”on the Sabbath day.” This teaches us that we are light the fire that holies Shabbat just before Shabbat begins, and after Shabbat ends.

    Lest we think that perhaps this question (of “can I light a fire on Shabbat?”) deals only with a question asked concerning a fire lit for any other purpose (and not in relation to sanctifying the day), we are told “in all your dwellings on Shabbat.” In other words, the question is asked as a result of being “in our dwellings” which occurs of a result of the seventh day being “on Shabbat.” Thus the Torah teaches that the question it answers (“can I light a fire on Shabbat?”) is being asked in the context of one (“you”) holying the day itself. In short, the Torah teaches by juxtaposition of these verses, that that question is raised in direct response to the following sequence of commands “work is to be done”,”your” “holy” “day, a Sabbath” “of rest” and (do not) “light a fire.”

    Thus we learn the specific type of work “light a fire” has been singled out to teach us that it is the first and last act done on the six working days that “works is to be done.” All other types of work follow…literally in the text as the types of work done for the construction of the mishkan are enumerated.