The Jerusalem Council

A Global Association of Orthodox Jewish Believers in Messiah Yeshua

Torah 101 – The Torah is One Commandment

The Torah is simple, yet complex. It is considered one commandment. How, and what does this mean?

John 12:50
I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say.”

The Father’s commandment leads to eternal life. What is that commandment?

Deuteronomy 6:
1 Now this is the commandment, the statutes and the judgments which the LORD your G-d has commanded me to teach you, that you might do them in the land where you are going over to possess it,
2 so that you and your son and your grandson might fear the LORD your G-d, to keep all His statutes and His commandments which I command you, all the days of your life, and that your days may be prolonged.
3 “O Israel, you should listen and be careful to do it, that it may be well with you and that you may multiply greatly, just as the LORD, the G-d of your fathers, has promised you, in a land flowing with milk and honey.
4 “Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our G-d, the LORD is one!
5 “You shall love the LORD your G-d with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.

The “commandment” goes all the way to vs 25:

Deut 6:25
“It will be righteousness for us if we are careful to observe all this commandment before the LORD our G-d, just as He commanded us.

It is righteousness for us if we observe “the commandment” of Deut 6:1-25!

The Torah then, which hangs from “love HaShem your G-d,” is one commandment!

How then is this “commandment,” which is also the entire Torah, “the commandment” that leads to eternal life?

Deuteronomy 6:2
so that you, your children and their children after them may fear the LORD your G-d as long as you live by keeping all his decrees and commands that I give you, and so that you may enjoy long life.

Deuteronomy 30:16
For I command you today to love the LORD your G-d, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commands, decrees and laws; then you will live and increase, and the LORD your G-d will bless you in the land you are entering to possess.

Furthermore it is also written:

Deuteronomy 30:19
This day I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Now choose life, so that you and your children may live

In context, what is set before them is “His commands and decrees that are written in this Book of the Law” (Deut 30:10), and this is what is set before them. Life and prosperity if you obey the commandment, death and destruction if you rebel against it (Deut 30:15). Furthermore by keeping the Book of the Law, you enable your children to also find eternal live. It is life to you and to your children – who are the disciples you make!

Deuteronomy 32:47
They are not just idle words for you—they are your life. By them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess.”

The Torah, is our life.

Deuteronomy 30:20
and that you may love the LORD your G-d, listen to his voice, and hold fast to him. For the LORD is your life, and he will give you many years in the land he swore to give to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

“I have set before you life and death” – that is to set the Torah before you: that you may love the LORD your G-d! That you may listen to his voice! That you may hold fast to him! For as the previous verses state, the Torah is our life if we do them, therefore when it is also written “the LORD is your life,” it is saying that the Messiah, the Word, is HaShem! and it is He who will give you eternal life if you keep Him.

It is written:

Deuteronomy 7:9
Know therefore that the LORD your G-d is G-d; he is the faithful G-d, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commands.

As established above, HaShem is our life, the Torah is our life, the commandment we are to “keep” if we wish to have eternal life, is to love HaShem with our heart, soul, and strength. HaShem’s covenant therefore is only one covenant: the covenant of love. And by obeying it we love both G-d and our “children.”

Therefore, all the Torah hangs from:

“love the LORD your G-d will all your heart, soul, and strength.” and “love your neighbor as yourself.”

Matthew 22:36-38
36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”
37 Jesus replied: ” ‘Love the Lord your G-d with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.
38 This is the first and greatest commandment.
39 And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.
40 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.

Where are these commandments found?

Deuteronomy 6:5
Love the LORD your G-d with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength.

Leviticus 19:18
Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against one of your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

Because All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments, there is not a single commandment that does not follow loving the LORD, and loving your neighbor as yourself.

Based on all this above then, from these two commandments the 10 Words also known as the 10 Commandments found in Exodus chapter 20, are derived from loving G-d and loving your neighbor:

1. “I am the LORD your G-d, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me.”

2. “You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your G-d, am a jealous G-d, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand of those who love me and keep my commandments.”

3. “You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your G-d, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.”

4. “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your G-d. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.”

5. “Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your G-d is giving you.”

6. “Do not murder.

7. “Do not commit adultery.

8. “Do not steal.

9. “Do not give false testimony against your neighbor.

10. “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.

As already pointed out, the whole Torah is summed up in the commandment for eternal life.

if you break one commandment, you break them all.

James 2:10
For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.

Let’s examine how:

Let’s take the first commandment: to not have any god before HaShem.

By breaking this commandment, one breaks the commandment that leads to eternal life by following a different path which can only lead to the opposite of eternal life, which is death.

One fails to love G-d by rejecting his covenant of love, and the specific commandment to not have a god before HaShem, by placing another god before HaShem.

One fails to love their neighbor, since by showing them a different way from the commandment that leads to eternal life (by placing a god before HaShem), they are being led to death, which is the opposite of life.

One breaks the commandment to not worship idols because idols are nothing and they only have the power we give them, so one is “making them” in their own desired image (and makes them something they are not), as we place a god before HaShem (who is I AM).

One breaks the commandment to not blaspheme G-d since placing another god before HaShem is rebellion against the Creator who made you and by whom you carry the name upon you.

One breaks the commandment to keep the Sabbath holy, because to holy the Sabbath is to acknowledge HaShem who gave it, and by placing another god before HaShem, they break the Sabbath whereby it is commanded as an appointed time of HaShem and not any other god. Also you have something “against your brother” who in this case is HaShem, and thus can’t enter the Shabbat.

One breaks the commandment to honor your father and mother, because you honor your mother and father by keeping the commandments of G-d. Also since it is written in Deut 32:6, that HaShem is your father, you dishonor him by placing another god before Him, and Prov 1:8 relates that the Torah is your mother, which by breaking the commandment to not place another god before HaShem you have now dishonored the Torah.

One commits murder because by breaking the commandment to not have any god before HaShem, one is guilty of murdering the Messiah who paid for such sin by his innocent death. In addition, one who leads their neighbor astray by placing a god before HaShem is an accomplice to murder of both the neighbor who will not receive eternal life, and of the Messiah who died for both you and them.

One commits adultery since placing a god before HaShem is to commit adultery against your husband, the Promised Seed after whom Gen 3:15 says we would desire. One also fails to love their neighbor since to love your husband is to love your self, of whom you are one flesh; thus you can not love your neighbor as your self since you are not loving your self, which includes your Husband.

One steals from the Torah by taking away from it the commandment to not have any gods before HaShem, by placing another god before HaShem. One also steals this from one’s neighbor, the witness of the Torah, and conversely also adds to the Torah by justifying their action by saying “it’s ok to have another god before HaShem.” Also one is robbing themselves of the blessings of keeping this commandment.

One gives false testimony to their neighbor by diminishing the Torah, and by implication preaches a false Messiah as a result of placing a god before HaShem.

Since covet and lust are interchangeable, by placing a god before HaShem one is lusting after the god, which is claimed by this world as one of its own.

As you can tell, this is only a short survey of just the 10 commandments, plus 2, plus 1 commandment, that are broken, when one breaks just one of those. Now this works with any commandment in the Torah since the rest of the Torah hangs from the greatest commandment.

We can take another commandment: do not eat pig.

Leviticus 11:
4 There are some that only chew the cud or only have a split hoof, but you must not eat them.
7 And the pig, though it has a split hoof completely divided, does not chew the cud; it is unclean for you.

If I say, “G-d I reject your teaching on kashrut, I’m going to eat swine. I love it. I’m going to have it every night.”

What have I done?

Instead of just admitting that “I don’t love Him,” therefore I am not showing love to my neighbor. I have rejected the greatest and the second commandment like it.

I’ve gone through and said G-d isn’t. HaShem is not my G-d. I am my own G-d, because I am going to define what I am going to do.

I have taken his name in vain, because I am saying I am still of him, but I’m going to do my own thing; and I am erecting my idols before Him.

I have profaned the Shabbat, because as I am eating this, and doing so deliberately, I have something against my brother, my brother being literally Messiah in this case, as well as my neighbor who keeps kosher, so how can I honestly enter into Shabbat and “bring my sacrifice” before Him, my sacrifices of my acts of obedience? I can’t.

I have profaned my parents, because I am claiming to be of the Messiah, and have diminished them, whether they are believers or not, and not honoring them because the best way I can honor and lift them up is by keeping the Torah. But we also see quickly from scripture that our Father is HaShem, and our mother is the Torah, so I have also not honored my parents there.

I have stolen because I have robbed from the Torah, and robbed myself of the blessing. I have stolen from my neighbor from being able to see the blessing of what it is to walk in obedience.

I have murdered because I have said “Yeshua, take your death on the cross with you. I don’t need it. I am my own god,” and now I am guilty of murdering the Messiah. I have shown hate to the Messiah, and hate leads to murder, and I have rejected that.

I have coveted, because I said “I love this pork, more than your Word, your Truth, and I have lusted after this pork.”

I have committed adultery because I have now gone and served other gods.

I just broke all 10 commandments, and all I said was that I’m going to eat pork. You break one you break them all. You can do this with EVERY command in the Torah. Why? Because they are not independent. They are all interconnected. They are all intertwined.

There is another aspect to the Torah. That is:

if you don’t keep one, you can’t keep any.

How?

Because the greatest commandment is to love the LORD your G-d. If you can’t keep the greatest, then you can’t keep the second, and if you can’t keep the greatest, and the second, then you can’t keep the rest of the Torah that hangs from them!

Why?

Because if you don’t love HaShem, then the rest of the Torah that “hangs” from that comes falling down on you to condemn you. But if you love HaShem, then the Torah that “hangs” from it is lifted off of you since by loving HaShem you are now able to keep and observe the Torah!

Observance of the Torah out of love for HaShem is keeping the Messiah which is obedience unto life. Observance of the Torah for any other reason, is legalism and death.

Torah is rather simple.

Why? Because “love the LORD your G-d,” is the foundation to it all, and is the “commandment” of eternal life, and it is “these words” if we keep Him, that enables us to receive eternal life, and to imitate Him.

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