The Jerusalem Council

A Global Association of Orthodox Jewish Believers in Messiah Yeshua

Who Was Paul and What Did He Preach?

Who was Paul?
A Jew Acts 21:39, 22:3, Gal 2:15
Of the tribe of Benjamin Rom 11:1, Phil 3:5*
An Israelite, of the nation of Israel Rom 11:1, Phil 3:5*
A descendant of Abraham Rom 11:1
A Hebrew of Hebrews Phil 3:5*
Circumcised the eighth day Phil 3:5*
Not a sinner from among the Gentiles (pagans) Gal 2:15
Foremost sinner of all sinners 1 Tim 1:16
Born in Tarsus of Cilicia Acts 21:39, 22:3
Brought up in Jerusalem Acts 22:3, 26:4
Brought up among my own nation Acts 26:4
Educated under Gamaliel (one of two chief rabbis of the time) Acts 22:3
Educated strictly according to the Torah (law) of our fathers Acts 22:3
His education in the Torah made him zealous for G-d Acts 22:3
A Pharisee Acts 23:6, 26:5
A son of Pharisees Acts 23:6
Lived according to the strictest sect of our religion Acts 26:5
Was apart of the Way which is called a sect (of Judaism) Acts 24:14
Stood trial for the hope of the promise made by G-d to our fathers Acts 26:6
A bond-servant of the Messiah Yeshua Rom 1:1. Phil 1:1
Free 1 Cor 9:1
As to the Law (in this case both rabbinic/oral and the written Torah), A Pharisee (the strictest sect) Phil 3:5*
As to zeal, A persecutor of the church Phil 3:5*
As to righteousness which is in the law (rabbinic law, oral law), found blameless Phil 3:5*
Born a Roman Citizen Acts 22:28
*The context is that of prior to his Damascus road incident he was these things.  The first four of them did not change physically upon conversion but all of them changed upon conversion as he did not look to them for his salvation.  He remained an Israelite, of the tribe of Benjamin, circumcised, a Hebrew of Hebrews, and a Pharisee.  He however did stop persecuting the church, was declared righteous by his faith, and was obedient to the law because of his faith not in place of having faith.

What was His calling?
A chosen instrument of G-d’s  Acts 9:15
Appointed to know His will Acts 22:14
Appointed to see the Righteous One Acts 22:14
Appointed to hear an utterance from His mouth Acts 22:14
As an apostle Rom 1:1, Rom 9:1, 2
Set apart for the gospel of G-d, which He promised beforehand through the Prophets in the scriptures Rom 1:2
I am an apostle of Gentiles (pagans) Romans 11:13
I am the least of the apostles 1 Cor 15:9
An apostle of the Messiah Yeshua Eph 1:1
An apostle sent through the Messiah Yeshua Gal 1:1
An apostle sent through G-d the Father Gal 1:1
An apostle of the Messiah Yeshua by the will of G-d 1 Cor 1:1,  2 Cor 1:1

How was he to use his calling?
To bear HaShem’s name before the Gentiles (pagans)  Acts 9:15
To be a witness for Him to all men or what he saw and heard Acts 22:15
To bear HaShem’s name before kings Acts 9:15
To bear HaShem’s name before the sons of Israel Acts 9:15
To bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles (pagans) for His names sake Rom 1:5
I am appointed for the defense of the gospel Phil 1:16

What did he claim he taught?
Yeshua Acts 9:20
The Word of G-d Acts 13:5, 13:44, 17:11, 17:13, 18:11
The Word of G-d that Y’shua is the Messiah Acts 18:5
The good news (gospel) of the promise made to the fathers (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob) Acts 13:32
From the Scriptures that Y’shua is the Messiah Acts 17:3, 17:11
That they should repent and turn to G-d, performing deeds appropriate to repentance Acts 26:20
I state nothing but what the Prophets said was going to take place regarding the Messiah Acts 26:22
I state nothing but what Moses (the Torah) said was going to take place regarding the Messiah Acts 26:22
I was explaining to them by solemnly testifying about the Kingdom of G-d from the Torah of Moses Acts 28:23
I was trying to persuade them concerning Y’shua from the Torah of Moses Acts 28:23
I was explaining to them by solemnly testifying about the Kingdom of G-d from the Prophets Acts 28:23
I was trying to persuade them concerning Y’shua from the Prophets Acts 28:23
The gospel Rom 1:15
The gospel of G-d 2 Cor 11:7

Where did he teach?
In the synagogues Acts 9:20, 13:5, 13:14, 14:1, 17:1, 17:10, 17:17, 18:4

When did he teach?
On the Sabbath day Acts 13:15, 13:44, 17:2
On every Sabbath Acts 18:4
On the first day of the week (from sunset Sat. to sunrise Sun.) Acts 20:7

What was his relationship to the Torah (Law)?
Upon healing after his conversion he remained with the disciples (Acts 9:10) who were devout by the standard of the Torah (Acts 22:12) for several days Acts 9:19
He walks orderly, keeping the Torah (Law) Acts 21:24
I have lived my life with a perfectly good conscience before G-d up to this day Acts 23:1
According to the Way which they call a sect (of the Jews) I do serve the G-d of our Fathers Acts 24:14
I believe everything that is in accordance with the Torah (Law) Acts 24:14
I believe everything that is written in the Prophets Acts 24:14
I have hope in G-d Acts 24:15
I do my best to maintain always a blameless conscience before G-d Acts 24:16
I do my best to maintain always a blameless conscience before men Acts 24:16
I have committed no offense against the Torah (law) of the Jews Acts 25:8
I have committed no offense against the Temple Acts 25:8
I have committed no offense against Caesar Acts 25:8
I have done no wrong to the Jews Acts 25:10
I did not prove disobedient to the heavenly vision Acts 26:19
I had done nothing against our people (the Jews) Acts 28:17
I had done nothing against the customs of our fathers Acts 28:17

Paul, a short summary of who he is and what he taught:

(HaShem speaking of Saul) a chosen instrument of Mine, to bear My name before the Gentiles and kings and the sons of Israel; Acts 9:15
he began to proclaim Jesus in the synagogues Acts 9:20
they began to proclaim the word of G-d in the synagogues of the Jews  Acts 13:5
on the Sabbath day they went into the synagogue and sat down.  Acts 13:14
And we preach to you the good news of the promise made to the fathers Acts 13:32
The next Sabbath nearly the whole city assembled to hear the word of the Lord Acts 13:44
In Iconium they entered the synagogue of the Jews together, and spoke in such a manner that a large number of people believed, both of Jews and of Greeks. Acts 14:1
they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. 2 And according to Paul’s custom, he went to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures, 3 explaining and giving evidence that the Christ had to suffer and rise again from the dead, and saying, “This Jesus whom I am proclaiming to you is the Christ.” Acts 17:1-3
to Berea, and when they arrived, they went into the synagogue of the Jews.  11 Now these were more noble-minded than those in Thessalonica, for they received the word with great eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so. Acts 17:10-11
the word of G-d had been proclaimed by Paul in Berea Acts 17:13
he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews and the G-d-fearing Gentiles Acts 17:17
he was reasoning in the synagogue every Sabbath and trying to persuade Jews and Greeks Acts 18:4
Paul began devoting himself completely to the word, solemnly testifying to the Jews that Jesus was the Christ. Acts 18:5
And he settled there a year and six months, teaching the word of G-d among them Acts 18:11
for he was hurrying to be in Jerusalem, if possible, on the day of Pentecost Acts 20:16
I know that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock; 30 and from among your own selves men will arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them.  Acts 20:29
20 And when they heard it they began glorifying G-d; and they said to him, “You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed, and they are all zealous for the Law; 21 and they have been told about you, that you are teaching all the Jews who are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children nor to walk according to the customs. (note this is the false accusation) 22 What, then, is to be done? They will certainly hear that you have come. 23 Therefore do this that we tell you. We have four men who are under a vow; 24 take them and purify yourself along with them, and pay their expenses so that they may shave their heads; and all will know that there is nothing to the things which they have been told about you, but that you yourself also walk orderly, keeping the Law.  25 (If he is keeping the Torah, he would be hypocritical at best to tell others that they don’t need to.) But concerning the Gentiles who have believed, we wrote, having decided that they should abstain from meat sacrificed to idols and from blood and from what is strangled and from fornication.” (This was stated in Acts 15 were we had someone teaching that circumcision was a requirement for salvation (v1).  The outcome was that salvation is by faith (v9 and 11) and that works never saved anyone (v10) and neither did circumcision (v9).  As for the Gentiles they needed to do these four things to get into the synagogues on Shabbat because then they could here the whole Torah (v21).  These four things were seen as the “essentials” (v28) or pertaining to being necessary and indispensable to the occurrence of some event.  That event was the getting into the synagogues on Shabbat.) 26 Then Paul took the men, and the next day, purifying himself along with them, went into the temple giving notice of the completion of the days of purification, until the sacrifice was offered for each one of them.   (This is in accordance with the vow he started before.  The Nazirite vow from Num 6:1-21. See Acts 18:18 above.  Note also that he was in the temple doing the sacrifices required in the Torah.  Paul was still offering sacrifices after the ascension of the Messiah.)  Acts 21:20-26
I am a Jew,   born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city,   educated under Gamaliel, strictly according to the law of our fathers, being zealous for G-d just as you all are today. Acts 22:3
Paul said, “But I was actually born a (Roman) citizen Acts 22:28
I have lived my life with a perfectly good conscience before G-d up to this day.” Acts 23:1
I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for the hope and resurrection of the dead!” Acts 23:6
I went up to Jerusalem to worship. 12 Neither in the temple, nor in the synagogues, nor in the city itself did they find me carrying on a discussion with anyone or causing a riot. 13 Nor can they prove to you the charges of which they now accuse me. 14 But this I admit to you, that according to the Way which they call a sect (a sect of Jews) I do serve the G-d of our fathers, believing everything that is in accordance with the Law and that is written in the Prophets; 15 having a hope in G-d, which these men cherish themselves, that there shall certainly be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked. 16 In view of this, I also do my best to maintain always a blameless conscience both before G-d and before men. 17 Now after several years I came to bring alms to my nation and to present offerings; 18 in which they found me occupied in the temple, having been purified, without any crowd or uproar  Acts 24:11-18
I have committed no offense either against the Law of the Jews or against the temple or against Caesar.”  Acts 25:8
I have done no wrong to the Jews, Acts 25:10
King Agrippa, that I am about to make my defense before you today; 3 especially because you are an expert in all customs and questions among the Jews; therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently. 4 So then, all Jews know my manner of life from my youth up, which from the beginning was spent among my own nation and at Jerusalem; 5 since they have known about me for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that I lived as a Pharisee according to the strictest sect of our religion. 6 And now I am standing trial for the hope of the promise made by G-d to our fathers; 7 the promise to which our twelve tribes hope to attain, as they earnestly serve G-d night and day. And for this hope, O King, I am being accused by Jews Acts 26:2-7
So, King Agrippa, I did not prove disobedient to the heavenly vision, 20 but kept declaring both to those of Damascus first, and also at Jerusalem and then throughout all the region of Judea, and even to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to G-d, performing deeds appropriate to repentance. 21 For this reason some Jews seized me in the temple and tried to put me to death. 22 So, having obtained help from G-d, I stand to this day testifying both to small and great, stating nothing but what the Prophets and Moses said was going to take place; 23 that the Christ was to suffer, and that by reason of His resurrection from the dead He would be the first to proclaim light both to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles.” Acts 26:19-23
I had done nothing against our people or the customs of our fathers, Acts 28:17
he was explaining to them by solemnly testifying about the kingdom of G-d and trying to persuade them concerning Jesus, from both the Law of Moses and from the Prophets, from morning until evening. Acts 28:23

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