The Jerusalem Council

A Global Association of Orthodox Jewish Believers in Messiah Yeshua

Parsha Mishpatim

Exodus 21:1-24:18


And these are the ordinances: The preceding verse says “…My altar, so that your nakedness shall not be exposed upon it” (Ex 20:23) refers to “and they knew they were naked” (Gen 3:7) and “Who told you that you are naked” (Gen 3:10). הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים meaning both “the ordinances” and “the judgments,” refers to the ordinances HaShem gave to Adam and Eve beginning with “To the woman he said” (Gen 3:16), and the judgment for failing these ordinances, which happens at the end of this Age. הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים is given to Adam and the Messiah, since the previous portion concluded with “An altar of earth you shall make for Me” (Ex 20:21), אֲדָמָה refers to Adam, but also has the feminine ending, referring to the seed of the woman, the King Messiah, who is called an “altar of earth” which is “Wherever I allow My name to be mentioned” which is a reference to the Beit El that Jacob anointed (Gen 28:18-22, 31:13), which again, is King Messiah.

that you shall set before them: This is an instruction to Moses, and thus also to King Messiah to set these the ordinances before them (Adam and Eve, and thus all mankind, but also for Moses, and Messiah himself), and also set before them again, this time as the judgments at the End of the Age. The following instructions (Ex 21:2-6) are mentioned again, but with different wording (Deut 15:12-18), which alludes to differences of one set being the ordinances given to Adam and Eve, and oen set being the judgements rendered at the End of the Age.


Should you buy: This is an instruction to King Messiah, who redeems us for the price set for slaves, which is thirty silver shekels (see also 21:32).

a Hebrew slave: Adam and Eve were bought as slaves to righteousness, and King Messiah is also a slave to righteousness in the same way. All mankind are slaves to righteousness, since all are from Adam.

he shall work: עִבְרִ Mankind is to serve and keep Torah (Targum Pseudo-Jonathan on Gen 2:15).

[for] six years, and in the seventh [year], he shall go out: six thousand years of Torah, the seventh being the Messianic Kingdom. The Torah gives us the timeframe for the judgments הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים as being the seventh year, the End of the Age and the beginning of the Messianic Age. The six years/day and seventh year/day is repeated throughout this portion.

to freedom: freedom from this world (the first six thousand years), to the World to Come.

without charge.: the debt of your sale as a slave to Torah is paid in full, either by yourself, or by Messiah.


If he comes [in] alone, he shall go out alone: If a man enters and goes through this world without Messiah, he shall leave this world (and enter the World to Come) without Messiah. Also Messiah comes in (to this world as the Promised Seed) and leaves alone (to the World to Come), just like Moses who was hidden three months when he was born (Ex 2:2), and went out of Egypt alone (Ex 2:14), and who dies and his body is not found (Deut 34:6). Messiah too is hidden for a time when he is born, and leaves this World alone, and his body is not found.

if he is a married man: this is King Messiah.

his wife shall go out with him.: when Messiah comes back as King, to this World, his wife will be with him, and they will enter the World to Come together.


If his master gives him a wife: HaShem gave Adam a wife, after he came to this World (he was created) alone. This refers to “It is not good that man is alone” (Gen 2:18).

and she bears him sons or daughters: Eve bore וְיָלְדָה “sons and daughters” בָּנִים וּבָנֺת to Adam (Gen 5:4).

sons or daughters: בָנִים אוֹ בָנוֹת Sons or daughters. Sons refers to those without Messiah. Daughters refers to those with Messiah.

the woman and her children: הָאִשָּׁה this refers to Eve, the “mother of all the living.” וִילָדֶיהָ this refers to her redeemed children, who are all those with the Messiah.

shall belong to her master: this refers to King Messiah, her master who is called her “husband” who she desires. (Gen 3:16).

and he shall go out alone.: The man without Messiah goes out of this World without Messiah at all.


But if the slave says, “I love my master, my wife, and my children. I will not go free,”: This is one who realizes their condition that they are truly a slave that is alone in this world. No one is without a master. Even idolaters have a master. One chooses to love either another god, or HaShem. At the End of the Age one will be found to either love another god, and its bride, and its students; or love HaShem, his bride Israel, and her students.


his master shall bring him to the judges: literally הָאֱ־לֹהִים the judges, but at the End of the Age, G-d himself. Our master, either HaSatan (the Adversary), or the Messiah, will bring us before G-d for הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים the judgements.

and he shall bring him to the door or to the doorpost: אוֹ or. The judgment הָאֱ־לֹהִים renders is an either or, not both. The man whose master is not Messiah, is brought to הַדֶּלֶת hadelet, the door. This refers to the first use of the letter ד dalet, which is found as וַיַּבְדֵּל va’yavdil, and separted, which is from “and G-d separated between the light and between the darkness” (Gen 1:4). The man without Messiah as their master is separated from the light, and cast into the darkness. The man whose master is Messiah, is brought to הַמְּזוּזָה the mezuzah, the doorpost.  Where the Shema (Deut 6:4), “love HaShem your G-d” is written (Deut 6:5), the reward being the meritorious righteousness (Deut 6:25) that leads to eternal life in the Land (Deut 6:18), which is the World to Come (Deut 7:1).

shall bore his ear with an awl: אָזְנוֹ ear. Refers to your responsibility to the Shema. If one does not listen (and thus do) the Shema in this World, then in the World to Come one will be separated to the darkness by it. If their master is not Messiah they will lack the righteousness of Messiah to the Shema that is necessary to inherit the World to Come. If their master is Messiah, then his righteousness to the Shema is their righteousness, and thus they will enter the World to Come with the Shema in their ears so that they may do it without sin in submission to King Messiah forever. בַּמַּרְצֵעַ with [an] awl. one pierces his Master, who ultimately will be the Messiah, as it written “every knee will bow” (Is 45:23).  If one is with Messiah, then they are brought to the mezuzah and pierced to them with בַּמַּרְצֵעַ (an) awl which stands for
Genesis 1:1  ברא (create)
Genesis 1:2 מים (waters)
Genesis 1:1 ראשית (firstfruit)
Genesis 1:26 צלמ (image)
Genesis 1:2 על-פני (over the face)
based on the first usage of the letter for a word in the Torah. The piercing is of one’s ear to the mezuzah, which includes the Shema – their ability to keep it is because now they are re-created through the waters (death) in the image of the firstfruit (Messiah), and it is over the face of the mezuzah, the Shema, that this is done.

and he shall serve him forever.: The one without Messiah shall “serve” Messiah forever in the darkness (where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth). The one with Messiah shall “serve” Messiah לְעֹלָם forever in the World to Come.


Now if a man sells his daughter as a maidservant:

she shall not go free as the slaves go free.:


If she is displeasing to her master: The maidservant sins. This is Eve, representing all those who have sinned.

who did not designate her [for himself]: Eve was Adam’s wife, who at the time was created perfect, without sin.

then he shall enable her to be redeemed: When Eve sins (does what is displeasing to HaShem), HaShem shall enable her (and all who sin) to be redeemed. The Torah is instructing HaShem, Eve’s Master, to provide for her redemption – that is, to provide the Messiah (Gen 3:15).

he shall not rule over her to sell her to another person, when he betrays her.: The phrase “rule over her” refers to “and he will rule over you” (Gen 3:16), concerning Eve’s (and the sinner’s) desire for her husband, who is Messiah.

to sell her to another person, when he betrays her.: HaShem may not hand over Eve (or any sinner) to HaSatan, at the time of her (or their) sin.


And if he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her according to the law of the daughters [of Israel].: The son of the Master, is Messiah.


If he takes another [wife] for himself, he shall not diminish her sustenance, her clothing, or her marital relations: The Messiah is responsible for giving her food, which is the Torah; her clothing, which is his merit to eternal life; and her marital relations, which is his wedding to her, in order that she may be his wife and leave with him from this World, to the World to Come.


And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go free without charge, without [payment of] money.: If the one without Messiah refuses, and therefore the Messiah does not give him the Torah, his merit, and his betrothal, that one will leave this World without the Messiah, and will have his debt discharged by his death, his judgment being his separation into the darkness.


One who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death.: One who displeases the Master, who is HaShem (by any sin), is guilty of murdering the Messiah.


But one who did not stalk [him], but G-d brought [it] about into his hand, I will make a place for you to which he shall flee.: The one with Messiah, however, is judged by HaShem as one who did not intentionally kill Messiah, but rather since they have received his redemption, which HaShem mandated was to be his death (see “he shall enable her to be redeemed” above), then it is as if Messiah’s death was that which “G-d brought about into his hand.” The result for this person, is that he flees (with the resurrected Messiah) to “a place” prepared by HaShem, that is, the World to Come.


But if a man plots deliberately against his friend to slay him with cunning, [even] from My altar you shall take him to die.: The one without Messiah is now guilty of the murder of the Messiah, since he thought he could enter the World to Come on his (not the Messiah’s) merit alone. Since his merit is not enough to bring him into the World to Come because he is without the Messiah, he now stands ready to take full responsibility for going through this World alone, without the Messiah. This one stands as one not having (done) the Torah, nor does he have Messiah’s righteous merit, nor does he “know” Messiah as their husband, and is thus cast into the darkness at haMishpatim, the Judgements הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים, which is at the End of the Age (after six thousand years of this World).

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